Ugrás a tartalomhoz Lépj a menübe
 


2021.02.08

11. A feudális hierarchia

A feudális társadalmi rend 1000 körül alakult ki. A Karoling Birodalom felbomlása után és a vándornépek támadásai nyomán Nyugat-Európa lakossága nem érezte biztonságban magát, ezért a nagybirtokosokhoz fordult oltalomért.

A vazallus (szolga, alárendelt személy) hűséget esküdött a seniornak (hűbérúr), amiért cserébe védelmet és feudumnak nevezett földbirtokot kapott:

- ez a homágium (hűségeskü) és beiktatás keretén belül valósult meg

- a feudum egy vagy több faluból, de akár egy egész fejedelemségből is állhatott

- mindenki vazallusa volt valakinek

- a király Isten vazallusa volt (pld. Én, Mátyás Isten kegyelméből Magyarország, Horvátország stb. királya)

- főeskü – ha egy vazallus több seniornak is hűséget esküdött, azt kellett elsősorban segítse, akinek a főesküt letette

- immunitás – egyes földbirtokok teljes védelmet kaptak mindenfajta beavatkozás alól

- a seniorok saját birtokukon monopóliumokat (kizárólagos jogokat) élveztek, pld. halászat, vadászat

- az uradalom központhában a vár állt – a földesúr lakhelye, hatalmának jelképe, amely veszély esetén menedéket nyújtott az uradalom parasztjainak is

          - magaslatokra, szigetekre, elárasztható területekre építették

- a főépület az öregtorony (donjon) volt, a vártulajdonos családjának lakhelye

- a donjont védőtornyokkal ellátott magas és vastag falak övezték

- ezeket a falakat vizesárok vette körbe, amelyen a felvonóhídon keresztül lehetett átkelni.

 

Hozzászólások

Hozzászólás megtekintése

Hozzászólások megtekintése

Zsmuad cfhdvv

Rtsuna, 2022.05.03 19:19

brand sildenafil - <a href="https://bestusasild.com/">buy viagra tablets</a> purchase viagra generic

Lilxxg pilfim

Nkmvrt, 2022.05.03 18:45

sildenafil 50mg canada - <a href="https://bestusasild.com/">order sildenafil pills</a> brand sildenafil 100mg

дизайн сайта новосибирск

LouisItato, 2022.05.03 18:44

<a href=http://xn--www-3nfaaba9cybs0alg1asz1anl.matchfishing.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=click_to_call&event2=&event3=&goto=https://freelanceshop.org/>http://xn--www-3nfaaba9cybs0alg1asz1anl.matchfishing.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=click_to_call&event2=&event3=&goto=https://freelanceshop.org/</a>

walmart pharmacy online

BobbyFup, 2022.05.03 18:19

canadian viagra <a href=https://online-pharmacies0.yolasite.com/#>international pharmacy </a>
canada online pharmacies <a href="https://graph.org/The-Way-To-Get-Health-Care-At-Home-During-COVID-19---Health--Fitness-04-07#">canadian drugs </a>
canada pharmaceuticals online https://ghswed.wordpress.com/2022/04/27/he-final-word-information-to-online-pharmacies/

AU8 in Philippine

Howardreola, 2022.05.03 17:07

<a href=http://au8.vip>AU8 app in Philippine</a>

Test

ThelmaPlura, 2022.05.03 15:50

<a href="http://6847.adminka.cc/">http://6847.adminka.cc/</a>

Hot sexy porn projects, daily updates

angieca69, 2022.05.03 14:58

Big Ass Photos - Free Huge Butt Porn, Big Booty Pics
http://wifesolopics.hotblognetwork.com/?erin

pounding palin porn fucd porn japanese spandex porn petite hispanic porn stars courgars porn tubes

娛樂城

WilliamMup, 2022.05.03 14:47

<a href=https://rg888.org/>娛樂城</a>

Zxpqdg tzgivs

Ndmxql, 2022.05.03 14:19

cost sildenafil 50mg - <a href="https://bestusasild.com/">sildenafil 150mg uk</a> viagra 50mg pill

kjop kryptovaluta

world-crypt-no, 2022.05.03 13:57

<a href=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta investering</a>

On this phase, we get nonchalant all the cryptocurrency bulletin from Norway allowing for regarding May that you should pay publicity to. Announce about worthy and high-profile events in the Norwegian fraction of cryptocurrencies and blockchain.
<a href=https://world-crypt-no.site>pi kryptovaluta kurs</a>

Lxjsrr dkuubx

Vdqvjp, 2022.05.03 13:53

viagra generic - <a href="https://bestusasild.com/">sildenafil 100mg brand</a> buy generic viagra 50mg

navarro pharmacy

BobbyFup, 2022.05.03 13:47

approved canadian online pharmacies <a href=https://graph.org/The-Way-To-Get-Health-Care-At-Home-During-COVID-19---Health--Fitness-04-07#>canadian drugstore </a>
canadian pharmacies-24h <a href="https://online-pharmacies0.yolasite.com/#">pharmacies shipping to usa </a>
cheap prescription drugs https://swerbus.webgarden.com/

kryptovaluta

Everettcossy, 2022.05.03 13:39

fond kryptovaluta
utvinne kryptovaluta
kryptovaluta investering
ada kryptovaluta
cardano kryptovaluta
kryptovaluta kurser
hvor kjope kryptovaluta
hvilke kryptovaluta bor man investere i 2021
hvor handle kryptovaluta
hvor mye skatt pa kryptovaluta

<a href=https://www.studyincanada.com/Tracking/WeblinkClicks.aspx?SchoolCode=uuccb07&ProfileType=University&LinkType=SocialLink2&RedirectURL=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://au-health.ru/go.php?url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://sm-bomber.com/mkr/out.cgi?id=02005&go=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://images.google.je/url?q=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://katalogavto.com/go/?https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://www.beautifulgoddess.net/cj/out.php?url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://cutephp.com/forum/redirect/?q=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://saga-inc.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=&event2=&event3=wifi&goto=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://www.topmudsites.com/cgi-bin/topmuds/out.cgi?id=cougar&url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://cse.google.cg/url?q=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://adv.softplace.it/live/www/delivery/ck.php?ct=1&oaparams=2__bannerid=3855__zoneid=184__cb=c4c72b87a4__oadest=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://maps.google.ee/url?q=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://www.winnipegfreepress.com/s?action=doLogout&rurl=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://middeldatabasen.dk/DeepLinker.asp?url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://5231.xg4ken.com/media/redir.php?prof=432&camp=89&affcode=pg6790&k_inner_url_encoded=0&cid=75999461590&networkType=search&kdv=c&kpid=8132208900&kmc=102578139&url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>

kryptovaluta

<a href=https://www.izbudujemy.pl/redir.php?url=world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://m.ok.ru/dk?st.cmd=outLinkWarning&st.cln=off&st.typ=link&st.rtu=/dk?st.cmd=altGroupForum&st.tagId=636181076&st.groupId=51907799089303&_prevCmd=altGroupForum&tkn=3169&st.rfn=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://owohho.com/away?url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://sparetimeteaching.dk/forward.php?link=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://cliopatria.swi-prolog.org/browse/list_resource?r=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://aforz.biz/search/rank.cgi?mode=link&id=18525&url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://www.highpoint.net/asp/adredir.asp?url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://danielakropress-dot-yamm-track.appspot.com/Redirect?ukey=1kloPuYZRhsdPKwcMMG7yX4PiFOLX73gWhYdaoI-ZoYw-651955591&key=YAMMID-92405746&link=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://images.google.se/url?q=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://ipv4.google.com/url?q=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://pro.dmitriydyakov.ru/notifications/messagePublic/click/id/7789687572/hash/1984c3fe?url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://images.google.com.nf/url?q=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=https://visitbinghamton.org/wp-content/themes/vb/sv-update-hits.php?id=272&url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://www.mature-granny-sex.com/cgi-bin/atc/out.cgi?id=76&u=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>
<a href=http://gaoo.onmoo.com/sm/out.cgi?id=22120&url=https://world-crypt-no.site>kryptovaluta</a>

Test

PaulineOffip, 2022.05.03 13:26

<a href="http://4230.adminka.cc/">http://4230.adminka.cc/</a>

Cpyysf jurlwx

Jdxwsh, 2022.05.03 12:53

viagra 100mg pills - <a href="https://bestusasild.com/">buy viagra 100mg generic</a> viagra 100mg tablet

дизайн сайта новосибирск

LouisItato, 2022.05.03 12:50

<a href=https://www.finn-flare.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=click_to_call&event2=&event3=&goto=https://freelanceshop.org/>https://www.finn-flare.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=click_to_call&event2=&event3=&goto=https://freelanceshop.org/</a>

ada criptomoneda

world-crypt-ro, 2022.05.03 12:35

<a href=https://world-crypt-ro.site>cea mai buna criptomoneda 2022</a>

Romania at worst allows crypto exchanges and wallets to eke out a living if they are registered with the government. This means that if the tit for tat registers with the regime, cryptocurrency transactions, known for their transparency, resolve be fully visible.
<a href=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda sibiu</a>

Dytsdv nlibai

Xqjcxv, 2022.05.03 12:29

viagra mail order - <a href="https://bestusasild.com/">viagra 50mg without prescription</a> purchase sildenafil online cheap

criptomoneda romaneasca

VincentNop, 2022.05.03 12:27

cardano criptomoneda
valoare criptomoneda pi network
criptomoneda win
criptomoneda elrond
criptomoneda romaneasca
skale network criptomoneda
criptomoneda pi valoare
ce este o criptomoneda
criptomoneda fantom
criptomoneda dot

<a href=https://www.penkethprimary.co.uk/warrington/primary/penketh/CookiePolicy.action?backto=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://maps.google.bg/url?sa=t&url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://morelia.estudiantil.mx/redirect?url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://hao.dii123.com/export.php?url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://www.latviatravel.lv/ru/OpenWeb?Url=world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://www.e-appu.jp/link/link.cgi?area=t&id=smile&url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://sso.aoa.org/Authenticate.aspx?Return=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://monitor.clickcease.com/tracker/tracker?id=Tcmwi3RgKQiVSy&kw=yahoobacklinks&nw=g&url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://mahindramojo.com/mojo/galleryinner/?page=Coastal-Trail&type=image&redirect=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://findingreagan.com/?URL=world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://www.motoranch.cz/plugins/guestbook/go.php?url=//world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://maps.google.com.ec/url?q=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://zarabotaymillion.narod.ru/go?https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://www.watchvideo.co/go.php?url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://www.eventnn.ru/catalog/actions/?a=redirect&fid=7267&link=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>

criptomoneda romaneasca

<a href=https://poststickersapps.com/newapp/pub/redirect/grants365powodow?r=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://edmullen.net/gbook/go.php?url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://kineshemec.ru/away/?url=www.world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://www.yutorah.org/_global/adSideBanners/adSideBannersGo.cfm?id=60&dest=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://www.qlt-online.de/cgi-bin/click/clicknlog.pl?link=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://iurii.com/go.php?go=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://www.tributetodeanmartin.com/elvis/go.php?url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://m.ok.ru/dk?st.cmd=outLinkWarning&st.cln=off&st.typ=link&st.rtu=/dk?st.cmd=altGroupForum&st.tagId=1856462387&st.groupId=52285394845867&st.page=1&_prevCmd=altGroupForum&tkn=9471&st.rfn=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://abitel.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://www.1c-hotel.ru/bitrix/redirect.php?event1=partners_out&event2&goto=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://m.ok.ru/dk?st.cmd=outLinkWarning&st.cln=off&st.typ=link&st.rtu=/dk?st.cmd=altGroupForum&st.tagId=343001338&st.groupId=54209782284402&_prevCmd=altGroupForum&tkn=2800&st.rfn=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://www.mietenundkaufen.com/cgi-bin/linklist/links.pl?action=redirect&id=44828&URL=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=http://hanweb.fpg.com.tw/gb/world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://maps.google.hn/url?sa=t&url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>
<a href=https://www.megavision.net/hitting.asp?id=1406&url=https://world-crypt-ro.site>criptomoneda romaneasca</a>

cialis vs tadalafil

illumn, 2022.05.03 12:16

over the counter cialis <a href="https://cialiskitch.com/">cheapest cialis 20 mg</a> free trial cialis